Orginal paarijatham / Citharexylum Spinosum

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Citharexylum spinosum is a species of flowering plant in the Verbenaceae family. It is commonly known as the Florida fiddlewood or spiny fiddlewood and is native to the coastal areas of Florida, the Caribbean, and Central America.

Here are some key characteristics of Citharexylum spinosum:

1. Appearance: Citharexylum spinosum is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree or shrub that typically reaches a height of 10 to 25 feet (3 to 7.6 meters). It has a dense, rounded crown and multiple slender, thorny branches.

2. Leaves: The leaves are opposite, meaning they grow in pairs on opposite sides of the stem. They are pinnately compound, consisting of several leaflets that are ovate to lanceolate in shape, with serrated margins. The foliage is dark green and glossy.

3. Flowers: The tree produces clusters of small, tubular flowers that are usually white or pale yellow in color. The flowers are fragrant and attract butterflies and bees. They bloom throughout the year but are most abundant during spring and summer.

4. Fruits: After the flowers are pollinated, they develop into small, rounded fruits that are about 0.2 inches (5 mm) in diameter. The fruits are green when young and turn black when mature. They are not typically consumed by humans.

5. Habitat and cultivation: Citharexylum spinosum thrives in coastal regions and can tolerate a variety of soil types, including sandy and limestone soils. It prefers full sun but can tolerate some shade. It is often planted as an ornamental tree or shrub in gardens and landscapes due to its attractive foliage and flowers.

6. Uses: The wood of Citharexylum spinosum is hard and durable, and it has been used in the past for making tool handles and other small wooden items. The tree is primarily cultivated for ornamental purposes, and its attractive appearance makes it a popular choice in coastal landscaping.

It's worth noting that while Citharexylum spinosum is native to specific regions, it may not be suitable for all climates or environments. If you're considering planting or interacting with this species, it's always best to consult with local gardening experts or horticulturists to ensure its suitability and proper care in your area. 


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